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Giuliana Sgrena, Translated by Eva Milan, ZabrinskyPoint (Il Manifesto March 6,
am still in the darkness. Last Friday was the most dramatic day of my life since
I was abducted.
I had just spoken with my abductors, who for days kept telling me I would be
released. So I was living in wait. They said things that I would understand only
later. They talked of transfer related problems. I had learned to understand
which way the wind blew from the attitude of my two "sentinels," the two fellows
who watched over me every day-especially one of them, who attended to my
requests, was incredibly bold. In the
attempt to understand what was going on, I provocatively asked him if he was
happy because I would go away or because I would stay. I was surprised and happy
when, for the first time, he told me, "I only know you will go, but I don't know
To confirm that something new was happening, at one point they both came in the
room to reassure me and joke: "Congratulations," they said, "you are leaving for
Rome." To Rome, that's what they were saying.
I had a weird feeling, because that word immediately evoked liberation but also
projected a void inside myself. I realized it was the most difficult moment of
my abduction and that if all I had lived yet was certain, now an abyss of heavy
uncertainties was widening. I changed my clothes.
They came back: "We'll escort you, but don't give signals of your presence,
otherwise the Americans might intervene." That was not what wanted to hear. It
was the happiest and also the most dangerous moment. If we ran into someone,
meaning American troops, there would be an exchange of fire, and my captors were
ready and they would have responded. I had to have my eyes covered. I was
already getting used to a temporary blindness.
About what happened outside, I only knew that in Baghdad it had rained. The car
ran safely in a muddy area. There was the driver and the same old abductors. I
soon heard something I didn't want to hear. A helicopter flying low over the
area we had stopped in. "Don't worry, now they will come look for you . . .
within ten minutes they will come." They had spoken Arabic all the time, some
French and much broken English. Now they spoke in this way, too.
Then they got out of the car. I stayed in that condition of immobility and
blindness. My eyes were stuffed with cotton, and covered by sunglasses. I was
motionless. I thought . . . what do I do? Should I start counting the passing
seconds to another condition, the one of freedom? I had just started counting
when I heard a friendly voice: "Giuliana, Giuliana, this is Nicola, don't worry,
I've talked to Gabriele Polo, don't worry, you're free."
He took my cotton blindfold and sunglasses off. I felt relieved, not for what
was going on, which I didn't understand, but for Nicola's words. He kept talking
non-stop, he was uncontainable, a flood of friendly words and jokes. I finally
found comfort, almost physically, a warm comfort I had long since forgotten.
The car proceeded on its way, through an underpass full of puddles, almost
skidding to avoid them. We engaged in incredible laughter. It was relieving.
Skidding along a road full of water in Baghdad and maybe have a bad car crash
after all I had experienced would not be really explainable. Nicola Calipari sat
by my side. The driver had notified the embassy and Italy twice that we were
heading to the airport, which I knew was controlled by the American troops. It
was less than one kilometre, they told me . . . when. . . . I remember only
fire. At that point a rain of fire and bullets came at us, forever silencing the
happy voices from a few minutes earlier.
The driver started shouting we were Italians, "We are Italians! We are Italians
. . ." Nicola Calipari dove on top of me to protect me and immediately, and I
mean immediately, I felt his last breath as he died on me. I must have felt
physical pain, I didn't know why. But I had a sudden thought: I recalled my
abductors' words. They said they were deeply committed to releasing me, but that
I had to be careful because "the Americans don't want you to return." Back then,
as soon as they had said that, I had judged their words to be meaningless and
ideological. In that moment such words risked to take the taste of the most
bitter truth away. I can't tell the rest yet.
This was the most dramatic moment. But the month I spent as a kidnap victim has
probably changed my life forever. One month alone with myself, prisoner of my
deepest belief. Each hour was a pitiless test of my work. Sometimes they kidded
me. They even asked me why
I would leave and asked me to stay. I pointed out that I had personal
relationships. They led me to think to such priorities that too often we put
"Ask for your husband's help," they told me. And I did so in the first video,
the one I think you all have watched. My life has changed. Same as Ra'ad Ali
Abdulaziz's, the Iraqi engineer from "Un Ponte per" who was abducted with Simona
& Simona. "My life is no longer the same," he told me. I didn't understand. Now
I know what he meant. Because I have experienced the hardness of the truth, I
realize the difficulty of communicating it, and the weakness of trying to.
In the first days of my abduction I didn't shed a single tear. I was simply mad.
I told them directly: "How can you abduct me, if I am against the war?" And they
started a fierce debate. "Yes, because you want to speak to the people, we would
never abduct a reporter who stays shut in the hotel. And then the fact you say
you're against the war could be a cover up." I would reply, almost provoking
them: "It's easy to abduct a weak woman like me, why don't you do it to the
American officers?" I insisted that they couldn't ask the Italian government to
withdraw its troops; that they had to address the Italian people who were and
are against the war, not Italian government.
It was a month of ups and downs, moments of hope and moments of deep depression.
Like when the first Sunday after my abduction, in the Baghdad house where I was
prisoner and where there was a satellite television dish, they let me see the
EuroNews. I saw my poster on the Rome city hall building. I was relieved. Soon
after, however, a claim from the Jihad announced I would be executed if Italy
didn't withdraw its troops. I was frightened. But they reassured me that it
wasn't them, that people should have mistrusted those proclamations, that they
were a "provocation." I often asked the one who seemed more approachable and who
looked more like a soldier: "Tell me the truth, you will kill me". Nonetheless,
many times, we talked. "Come see a movie on TV," they told me, while a Wahhabi
woman, covered from head to foot, hung around the house taking care of me.
The abductors seemed a very religious group, constantly praying the Koran
verses. But on Friday, at the time of my release, the one who seemed the most
religious and who used to wake up at 5 o'clock every morning to pray,
"congratulated" me and incredibly shook my hand-it is
not a usual behaviour for an Islamic fundamentalist-adding "If you behave,
you'll leave soon." That was followed by a rather humorous episode.
One of my two guards came to me astonished because the TV showed my photographs
displayed in European towns and also on Totti. Yes, Totti (the Rome football
team player, T.N.). The guard said he said he was a Rome team fan and he was
amazed that his favourite player
had taken to field with "Free Giuliana" on his T-shirt.
I now live with no more certainties. I find myself deeply weak. I
failed in my belief. I had always claimed there was need to go tell about that
dirty war. And I had to decide whether to stay in the hotel or going out and
chance being abducted because of my work. "We don't want anyone any more," the
abductors told me.
But I wanted to tell about the bloodbath in Falluja through the
refugees' tales. And that morning the refugees and some of their "leaders"
didn't listen to me. I had in front of me the evidence of what the Iraqi society
has become with the war and they threw their truth in my face: "We don't want
anyone. Why don't you stay home? What such interview can be useful for?". The
worst collateral damage, the war killing communication,
was falling on me. On me, who had risked it all, challenging the Italian
government that didn't want reporters gong to Iraq, and the Americans who don't
want our work that gives witness to what that country has really turned into
with the war, despite what they call elections.
Now I wonder. Is their refusal a failure?